Toolache Wallaby

Extinct 1943

Animal Group: Mammal
Regions: Oceania
Sub-regions: Australia and New Zealand
Countries: Australia

There are many people who consider the Toolache Wallaby to be the most elegant, graceful, and swift species of the Kangaroo. The Toolache Wallaby had fine fur with alternating bands of darker and lighter grey across the back. Each of the bands differed in not only color, but texture as well. It is believed that these markings changed either seasonally or between each individual. Their hops consisted of two short hops, followed by a long one, and then the wallaby would stare into the sky.


There is not much information on the habitats of the Toolache Wallaby. It is known that they were from south-eastern South Australia and southwestern Victoria. They also inhabited the Konetta Sheep Run near Robe. The Toolache wallaby was gregarious, with groups being loyal to a particular location.


The Toolache wallaby's wear hunted primarily for fur, but they were hunted for sport as well. The wallaby's were also affected by pastoralism. They were very common until 1910 and became extremely rare by 1923. The last known group consisted of fourteen wallaby's who inhabited the Konetta Sheep Run. Only four individuals were able to be captured to take into captivity, but they eventually died from exhaustion and shock. The last living wallaby was a female whom had a young in her pouch. She lived in captivity for twelve years, until she finally died in 1939. The main reasons the Toolache wallaby is extinct is because of hunting, foxes, and land loss.